☁️ AWS Deployment

☁️ Deployment#

You can also deploy Chroma on a long-running server, and connect to it remotely.

There are many possible configurations, but for convenience we have provided a very simple AWS CloudFormation template to experiment with deploying Chroma to EC2 on AWS.

Hosted Chroma#

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You can run a Chroma server in a Docker container.

You can get the Chroma Docker image from Docker Hub, or from the Chroma GitHub Container Registry

Command Line

You can also build the Docker image yourself from the Dockerfile in the Chroma GitHub repository

Command Line

The Chroma client can then be configured to connect to the server running in the Docker container.


Authentication with Docker#

By default, the Docker image will run with no authentication. Follow the Authentication section of the Usage Guide to configure authentication in the Docker container.

You can also create a .chroma_env file setting the required environment variables and pass it to the Docker container with the --env-file flag when running the container.

Command Line

Simple AWS Deployment#

:warning: Chroma and its underlying database need at least 2gb of RAM, which means it won't fit on the 1gb instances provided as part of the AWS Free Tier. This template uses a t3.small EC2 instance, which costs about two cents an hour, or $15 for a full month. If you follow these instructions, AWS will bill you accordingly.

:warning: This basic stack doesn't support any kind of authentication; anyone who knows your server IP will be able to add and query for embeddings. To secure this endpoint, you'll need to put it behind AWS API Gateway or add your own authenticating proxy.

:warning: By default, this template saves all data on a single volume. When you delete or replace it, the data will disappear. For serious production use (with high availability, backups, etc.) please read and understand the CloudFormation template and use it as a basis for what you need, or reach out to the Chroma team for assistance.

Step 1: Get an AWS Account#

You will need an AWS Account. You can use one you already have, or create a new one.

Step 2: Get credentials#

For this example, we will be using the AWS command line interface. There are several ways to configure the AWS CLI, but for the purposes of these examples we will presume that you have obtained an AWS access key and will be using environment variables to configure AWS.

Export the AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY environment variables in your shell:


You can also configure AWS to use a region of your choice using the AWS_REGION environment variable:


Step 3: Run CloudFormation#

Chroma publishes Cloudformation templates to S3 for each release.

To launch the template using AWS CloudFormation, run the following command line invocation:

Command Line

Replace --stack-name my-chroma-stack with a different stack name, if you wish.

Wait a few minutes for the server to boot up, and Chroma will be available! You can get the public IP address of your new Chroma server using the AWS console, or using the following command:

Command Line

Step 4: Customize the Stack (optional)#

The CloudFormation template allows you to pass particular key/value pairs to override aspects of the stack. Available keys are:

  • InstanceType - the AWS instance type to run (default: t3.small)
  • KeyName - the AWS EC2 KeyPair to use, allowing to access the instance via SSH (default: none)

To set a CloudFormation stack's parameters using the AWS CLI, use the --parameters command line option. Parameters must be specified using the format ParameterName={parameter},ParameterValue={value}.

For example, the following command launches a new stack similar to the above, but on a m5.4xlarge EC2 instance, and adding a KeyPair named mykey so anyone with the associated private key can SSH into the machine:


Step 5: Configure the Chroma Library#

When you launch the Chroma client library to actually use Chroma, all you need to do is configure it to use the server's IP address and port 8000. You can do this in two ways:

Using Environment Variables#


In Code#


Step 6: Clean Up (optional).#

To destroy the stack and remove all AWS resources, use the AWS CLI delete-stack command.


:warning: This will destroy all the data in your Chroma database, unless you've taken a snapshot or otherwise backed it up.


If you get an error saying No default VPC for this user when creating ChromaInstanceSecurityGroup, head to AWS VPC section and create a default VPC for your user.